In contemporary medical profession, although a variety of efficiency and low toxicity of chemotherapy drugs have been available, but the current chemotherapy drugs can not only kill tumor cells without harming normal cells completely, so inevitably chemotherapeutic drugs on the body side reaction. The common mainly in the following categories:
Cancer chemotherapy body reaction (1) local reactions: The most common mistake of drug leakage to the subcutaneous tissue, such as chemical damage caused by local swelling / pain, or ulceration of necrosis, the clinical use of procaine on the leakage of more than surrounding tissue area be closed, clean, prevent infection, skin ulceration were not available or wishful golden powder added sulfate and other drugs for external application. For easy to leak to the extravascular and other drugs such as vinorelbine, deep venous catheter is recommended to be the prevention of chemotherapy.
Physical reaction of cancer chemotherapy (2) gastrointestinal symptoms: nausea, vomiting, the most common of which lead to the strongest cis emetic drugs, current clinical application of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists had a significant reduction in its incidence, while patients can meet delicious light diet and avoid too full and greasy. Others such as loss of appetite, constipation, diarrhea, stomatitis, mostly transient, clinically symptomatic treatment can be quickly restored.
Physical reaction of cancer chemotherapy (3) bone marrow suppression: the most common side effects occurred in 7-10 days after chemotherapy, most patients can ride out the worst, or the application of colony-stimulating factor prevention.
Physical reaction of cancer chemotherapy (4) liver, kidney damage: Some chemotherapy drugs can cause liver and kidney dysfunction, the general dose-related. There cis prominent renal damage caused by lead, routine clinical hydration and diuresis may prevent the kidney damage. Liver damage can be prevented, but also treatment, such as the liver may protect the liver from damage and health, once the damage but also to promote the early resumption.
Physical reaction of cancer chemotherapy (5) Other: Some side effects of chemotherapy drugs to particular organs are selective drugs such as doxorubicin cardiotoxicity; cool plastic ring phosphorus heterocyclic phosphorus in particular plastic can cause hemorrhagic gaze intently bladder inflammation (which can be drug prevention); bleomycin induced pulmonary fibrosis; vincristine induced peripheral neuritis, etc.; Taxol, Taxotere and other allergic reactions and neuromuscular symptoms. Most hair loss is chemotherapy side effects, albeit to varying degrees and have been. Most of these side effects can be prevented, and (or) treatment, such as antiemetic, neutropenia, liver and kidney toxicity. In addition to using the appropriate drug treatment side effects, but sometimes have to adjust the dose or discontinuation of chemotherapy drugs.