The diagnosis of cervical cancer

By | April 30, 2012

The diagnosis of cervical cancer, (1) vaginal cytology: use of "small foot tongue" to take cervical squamous columnar epithelium outside the mouth of the junction of one week, drawing smear, immediately fixed in 95% ethanol within 15 minutes, remove and use Papanicolaou stain, vaginal cytology.
(2) iodine test: When the cervical smear abnormalities or clinically suspected cancer, and with no colposcopy, the use of iodine test can be found in unusual spot. Currently, the common solution is lugal iodine solution or 2% iodine solution. Cells are not colored, for the iodine test was positive.
(3), conization: when the Pap smear examination was positive for several times, and cervical biopsy or the biopsy was negative for the carcinoma in situ, invasive carcinoma can not be excluded when clinically feasible conization, in order to confirm the diagnosis.
(4) colposcopy: mainly used for cervical cancer and precancerous lesions. Colposcopy is a major vascular morphology observation, capillary distance, surface epithelium, the lesion boundaries, etc., parts of the abnormal biopsy can significantly improve diagnostic accuracy.
(5) cervical biopsy and endocervical endometrial scraping technique: This is the diagnosis of cervical cancer and precancerous lesions of the most reliable and indispensable method for the general choice of the cervix, mouth squamous columnar epithelium at the junction of 3,6,9,12 biopsy taken 4 points, or iodine test, colposcopy observed under suspicious site, take living tissue for pathological examination.
The diagnosis of cervical cancer (6) Other checks: According to the specific circumstances of patients, to determine the cervical cancer patients with clinical stage, sometimes have to conduct chest X-ray examination, intravenous urogram, renogram, cystoscopy and colonoscopy and other auxiliary Check.

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