Early diagnosis of prostate cancer

By | January 2, 2012

Prostate cancer, the main primary site for the posterior capsule of the gland, so the early prostate cancer often has no symptoms, voiding difficulty and so when there is bladder outlet obstruction symptoms are often considered benign prostatic hyperplasia, and can not get enough attention. When the transfer of disease when symptoms have reached advanced stage. Therefore, early diagnosis of prostate cancer treatment and prognosis of very important significance.
Find early prostate cancer the most simple and effective way is to digital rectal examination. Because most prostate cancer originated in the prostate peripheral zone, digital rectal examination on early diagnosis and staging of prostate cancer has an important value. Digital rectal examination for prostate cancer can be found induration area, careful of the digital rectal examination for prostate cancer diagnosis and staging are important. If induration suspicious DRE of the prostate biopsy can be about 70% of patients get diagnosed.
Early diagnosis of prostate cancer is currently very meaningful check for transrectal ultrasound B. The check for non-invasive examination, rectal ultrasound can clearly show the subtle changes in the prostate can be recognized lesions 5 mm in diameter, is the preferred method of diagnosis of prostate cancer.
In addition, according to the following checks:
Serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) check: PSA testing as a single indicator, and digital rectal examination, transrectal ultrasound compared with a higher predictive value positive diagnosis of prostate cancer, while improving the diagnosis of localized prostate cancer and increased rates of prostate radical cancer treatment.
Prostate biopsy: the digital rectal examination, serum prostate-specific antigen abnormalities in a systematic prostate biopsy should be performed, this is the most reliable diagnosis of prostate cancer checks.
Imaging: transrectal ultrasound, prostate CT, MRI in the diagnosis of prostate prostate cancer, there are limitations, the doctor will need to select the condition of patients, the final diagnosis should be made by prostate biopsy histological diagnosis.
To make early detection of prostate cancer should also be social promotion, even though China is a low-incidence area of prostate cancer, but in recent years, the incidence of prostate cancer increased year by year, should make those long-term by promoting chronic prostatitis and benign prostatic hyperplasia with cancer to prostate cancer may, in time to the hospital. Only in order to improve the early diagnosis of prostate cancer, early prostate cancer can be completely cured.

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