Cancer patients often due to emotional fluctuations, progress of the disease and anti-tumor therapy and have many side effects, most is loss of appetite, taste abnormalities. If more accompanied by nausea, vomiting, digestion and absorption is more problematic, if not take measures to further malnutrition occurs, so that the patient weight loss, lowered immunity, leading to infection and even develop cachexia. Therefore, anti-cancer therapy before, during and after periods must pay attention to nutritional care. Inadequate diet or weight loss patients need high-calorie and high protein diet, these foods include: bread, bread, rice, cereals, cakes, biscuits are the carbohydrates, calories needed to provide patients, fiber, vitamins and minerals ; fresh vegetables and fruits rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber. Cook for instant skin of raw or, you can save more vitamins; meat, beans, nuts, milk and other sources of protein, providing a variety of vitamins, minerals and calories.
Diet during their stay care of cancer patients, such as the condition element in need of special dietary restrictions, the patient is best to balance the daily diet based. Eat small meals often, without taboos should not eclipse. In a good appetite may eat some, but not excessive, appetite is also not bad barely eating. Usually have to add more water, such as water, fruit juice.
Diet nursing cancer patients during their stay the progress of the disease or response to radiation therapy, the patient may have nausea, vomiting, stomatitis, constipation or diarrhea and other phenomena, which will directly affect the patient's appetite, and even aversion to food has. Then families can eat as much as possible to create a comfortable environment where patients can relax and have plenty of time to eat, it is best to accompany a family eating together, can improve their appetite.
Mouthwash before eating, can get rid of unpleasant taste, increase appetite. If nausea, vomiting, patients continued to be a doctor to give antiemetic, antiemetic drug is best taken half an hour before meals. Before eating, it is best to avoid the patient smell the odor of cooking, so that patients have the feeling of nausea. Patients should also avoid eating fatty, fried foods, eating before and after a short rest, eat, should avoid supine. The oral damaged patients should be regularly use mouthwash, especially in the diet to maintain oral hygiene.
Frozen food and beverages can reduce the degree of oral pain, avoid eating too salty, too much perfume or too rough hard food. The response as a result of the treatment that reduced secretion of saliva, can be more water, even drinking a few mouthfuls of a time, but also keep your mouth moist, ingestion of moist food, easy and imports to prevent dry mouth.
To prevent constipation, be sure to increase fiber intake. Fiber-rich foods are fresh vegetables and fruit, moderate activity helps maintain normal bowel peristalsis and help excretion. Can also be under the guidance of a doctor using drugs. When diarrhea cases, a temporary reduction or choose to avoid eating high-fiber foods fruits and vegetables, drink plenty of water and avoid dairy beverages, such as the stock is more than diarrhea, should be timely medical treatment.
Diet care of cancer patients during their stay, as the disease worsens, physical strength gradually weakened, then can enter the liquid diet, such as fresh milk, lotus root starch, egg soup, etc., ready-made milk products more convenient whole food nutrition, pharmacy in general the buy. There are common elements such as security, which inclusive of the right amount of calories, protein, vitamins and minerals, the patient can choose one to replace meals or adding a small amount of milk dessert dishes or soup in order to increase nutrients.