How to treat malignant pleural effusion of lung cancer? Once diagnosed with malignant pleural effusion that should be actively treated, simple drainage of pleural effusion, are getting a temporary relief of symptoms, but most patients can not obtain a lasting effect. And can lead to the formation of encapsulated fluid pleural adhesion, affect future treatment. The best treatment is currently closed chest drainage lines, placed inside the silicone tube in the chest drainage, drainage of the pleural effusion as clean, the drug of choice under the circumstances intrathoracic injection, closed drainage. Important to stand up repeatedly asked the patient, so that liquid evenly distributed in the pleural surface, to avoid the formation of separate future encapsulated fluid and difficult to control. 7-10 days of repeated treatment, most patients treated by 2r 3 times is expected to gain lasting control. Can be used for drug treatment of the chest with 4 main categories:
How to treat lung cancer pleural effusion (1) certain anti-cancer drugs; as smooth lead, bleomycin, etc., stimulate the production of chemical inflammation of pleural adhesions, the loss of growth pleural space. Chemotherapy drugs also have some anti-cancer effects, is the most common choice for the clinical program.
How to treat malignant pleural effusion of lung cancer (2) to tetracycline, talc, represented by drugs: a hardening agent into the pleural cavity, causing inflammation stimulate the formation of pleural adhesions.
How to treat malignant pleural effusion of lung cancer (3) biological agents: such as interleukin 2, LAK cells to produce the body, inhibit cancer cell growth and promote pleural fluid absorption.
How to treat lung cancer, pleural effusion (4) Radioisotope: such as 32 P (32P), gold and other isotope treatment, the radioactive material placed in the pleural cavity can kill tumor cells, and promote absorption of pleural effusion. Some small cell lung cancer patients with chemotherapy can also be controlled by pleural effusion. Refractory pleural effusion, can choose surgical treatment, such as pleural resection.
- encapsulated fluid arround the lungs