Pediatric cancer clinical performance and food taboos

By | January 4, 2012

Our society is no longer just the tumor occurs in adults who have suffered from the children after birth the risk of cancer. In recent years, the incidence of cancer in children, there have been a rising trend, noted in the statistics, the incidence rate of 5% every 5 years the rate of increase in all causes of death in children after accidental injury, ranked second, accounting for the total deaths of children rate of 10.7%. Because early treatment of children with cancer better prognosis than adults, so early detection is the key to success.
Pediatric cancer in the clinical performance and clinical manifestations of food taboos
Age mainly in children less than 5 years period. And the growth rate is very fast. More common in infants and young children, such as the various hamartomas can be like a vicious kind of rapid infiltration of surrounding tissue to grow, but the transfer does not occur; some possible spontaneous regression, vascular tumors to have such characteristics. Most malignant solid tumors grow rapidly in a short time because of a painless mass and be noticed, but its early symptoms are usually obvious, there is seldom clinically significant anemia and weight loss, until it suddenly appeared during the late cachexia. Many tumor invasion or metastasis in early stage to the adjacent tissue or lymph nodes, or blood moving transfer to the lung, skeletal or brain. However, neuroblastoma 2% to 5% of cases could be transformed into mature into a benign tumor of ganglion cells. Although most of the teratomas are benign, but 15% can be malignant. Some tumors often accompanied by other abnormalities, such as Wilms tumor with aniridia patients, unilateral limb hypertrophy, sacrococcygeal teratoma cleft palate, spinal deformity surgery. Malignancy within 1 year of age, treatment is best. Mass of any entity in children, must be the vicious treatment, avoid excessive palpable, after due examination and preparation, should be removed as soon as possible, and finally confirmed by pathological examination, to give the necessary treatment. Recurrence of malignant tumors, most occurred in the six months after surgery, but the addition of extended time to relapse after chemotherapy, if more than 3 years without recurrence, then there is hope to cure.
Pediatric cancer clinical performance and the symptoms of food taboos have the following characteristics: fever of unknown cause in 2 weeks or more, or body temperature fluctuated; pale, thin, fatigue, loss of appetite; unexplained systemic or local lymph nodes swelling, pressure up without pain; abdominal Zhangde bulging, accompanied by stomach pain; for no reason or vomiting, and unsteadiness associated with facial paralysis, visual impairment and other neurological symptoms; highlight one or both eyes , bruising around the eyes, or accompanied by headache, decreased vision; the skin surface of the mass of unknown cause, associated with gradually increasing trend; the size of the trunk or limbs bleeding, petechiae accompanied by fever or nosebleeds, bleeding gums; infants and young children have eyes abnormal white light point; unknown primary with hematuria, dysuria.
Pediatric cancer clinical performance and food taboos, the following are some common pediatric cancer:
1. Acute leukemia: lymphocytic leukemia up to about 75% of childhood leukemia, most school-age children, preschool children followed. Common symptoms are fever, skin petechiae, nose bleeds, bleeding gums, and lips were of the pale complexion, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, abdominal pain, bone and joint pain, weakness, palpitation, loss of appetite and vomiting.
2. Nephroblastoma: a period of common pediatric kidney cancer. Most found in the 3 years of age, most of their early symptoms are found in the bath abdomen mass, after the abdominal pain, fever, and some hematuria, anemia.
3. Neuroblastoma: a common malignant solid tumors in children, mostly in the 5 year old disease. Initially unexplained fever, anemia, loss of appetite, abdominal or later discovered a lump in the neck. Mediastinal and pelvic parts of the tumor requires special inspection found.
4. Children Hodgkin's disease: the beginning of fever, anorexia, progressive weight loss, itching and night sweats, mostly in the clavicle, a painless lump armpit (lymph nodes), feels just like rubber-like feel, but also enlarged spleen . After the anemia in children and jaundice may also occur.
5. Retinoblastoma: more common in children 2-3 years old, a genetic tendency. White pupil in children with a unique, issue like "cat eye" kind of yellow-white light, may be one or both eyes, eye lesions gradually enlarged prominent, there strabismus, vision loss.
6. Intracranial tumors: incidence at any age, the peak incidence of 5-8 years. The most common symptoms are vomiting, was sprayed, often accompanied by headache, dizziness. Very young children can not express headache onset showed only crying for Chen, with the clutch head. Some will walk the children to walk upside down performance, holding things unstable. Some of the performance of vision loss and even blindness. Because of increased intracranial pressure, infant craniosynostosis is not closed, so head increases.
7. Osteosarcoma: a common childhood cancer, accounting for children's cancer incidence rate 4, occurs in 5-14 years. The main symptoms are leg pain and swelling localized to quickly develop persistent pain, rebound tenderness, more pronounced at night. , Lower extremity gait claudication, to the post accompanied by fever, weight loss, anemia and other symptoms.
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