The risk of cancer is related to genes and exposure to various environmental toxins.While there are certain risks are unchangeable (eg genes), some factors of lifestyle if modified can help prevent the occurrence of cancer.
Another important dimension for the prevention of cancer is knowing your body and being aware of any changes may detect cancer as early as possible.
A healthy lifestyle can lower the risk of certain cancers. This includes various dimensions as:
Eating a healthy balanced diet
There is much research on what increases the risk of cancer and how the reduced, however, any food or supplement can prevent cancer from developing. Overall, the research shows a connection between the consumption of certain food groups and a reduction in cancer risk.
Healthy diet includes plenty of fruit and vegetables (at least 5 servings a day), plenty of bread, rice, potatoes, pasta and other foods with carbohydrates and especially those with fiber .
The Eating enough fiber reduces the risk of bowel cancer. Fiber-Rich foods include pasta, bread, breakfast cereals and brown rice. The pulses, fruit and vegetables are also good sources of fiber.
There must be some meat, fish, eggs, beans and other sources of protein synthetic and some milk and dairy products in diet. Although meat is a good source of protein, vitamins and minerals, such as iron and zinc, there is evidence that too much of processed red meat can be bad as it can increase the risk of bowel cancer. Red meat includes beef, pork, lamb and processed meat includes bacon, sausages, salami and ham. The diet should contain only small amounts of foods and drinks high in fat or sugar.
The diet should be high in foods with antioxidants. However, some of them in high amounts can increase the risk of cancers. For example, Beta-Carotene, often found in antioxidant supplements, has been found to increase the risk of lung cancer became smokers and people who have heavy exposure to asbestos at work.
Maintain a healthy body weight and normal
The Higher body weight, obesity and being overweight increases the risk of several cancers including bowel cancer, pancreatic cancer, esophageal cancer, kidney cancer and breast cancer.
Stopping smoking completely
90% of lung cancer cases are related to smoking. It is the only most important avoidable factor preventing lung cancer. The previous smoking for the better.
Less alcohol consumption
Excessive consumption of alcohol is connected to oral cancer, cancer of the voice box (larynx) or the pharynx (back of the mouth), bowel cancer (especially in men), liver cancer and breast cancer (in women). Women should not regularly drink more than 2-3 units of alcohol a day and men should not regularly drink more than 3-4 units one day.
Prevention of prolonged exposure of bare skin to the sun
Skin cancers are common among Caucasians that are exposed to the ultraviolet rays of the sun for long durations of time. Some dimensions include time display between 11am and 3pm, using lotions sun screen with sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15, covering up exposed parts of the body with cloths, hats and sunglasses.
All are advised to monitor for any spurs or sins they have. Any changes to these need to be investigated. This could be signs such as getting bigger ram or start bleeding the Etc.
Prevention of sexually transmitted disease using safe sex dimensions
This can prevent transmission of Hepatitis C and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). The former is responsible for liver cancers while the latter for cervical cancers.
Preventing exposure to environmental factors
The Workplace insurance among those who work with radiation and asbestos is important. Exposure to radiation and chemicals such as benzene can cause leukemia while exposure to asbestos fibers can lead to lung cancer and mesothelioma.
Drugs for cancer prevention
Some trials have shown success in this regard. Daily use of tamoxifen, a selective modulator of estrogen receptor (SERM), typically for 5 years, has been shown to reduce the risk of developing breast cancer in high-risk women by about 50%. Raloxifene is a SERM such as tamoxifen, has been shown (in the STAR trial) to reduce risk of breast cancer in high risk women equally and tamoxifen.
Vaccines for the prevention of cancer
Vaccines against HPV and Hepatits B are available. They can protect against cervical cancer (HPV – Gardasil and Cervarix) and liver cancers.
Cancer research is an attempt to detect unsuspected cancers in an asymptomatic population. These apply generally healthy individuals after a certain age. Research for cancer can lead to earlier diagnosis in specific cases. Early diagnosis can lead to lasting.
The best examples of the benefits due to screening include screening for breast cancer by mammography, for cancers of the colon with colonoscopy test and fecal occult blood and for cervical cancer through Pap Test regular cervical cytology.
Genetic testing for high-risk individuals are already certain cancer-related genetic mutations available. Some cancers are characterized by certain genetic characteristics.This includes examples such as BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes for ovarian and pancreatic cancers MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS1, PMS2 to the colon, uterus, small bowel cancers of the breast, stomach and urinary tract.