Three-step method of relieving pain of cancer pain briefing

By | April 1, 2012

Three-step method of relieving pain of cancer pain introduction, the three step analgesic ladder method is the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended the development of drugs to the world way. It is divided into mild pain, moderate and severe grades 3 different levels.
Mild pain treatment with non-opioid analgesic adjuvant ten recommended drug is aspirin; moderate pain treatment with weak opioid analgesics non-opioid analgesics + + adjuvant recommended drug is codeine ; treatment of severe pain on strong opioid painkillers + non-opioid analgesics ten adjuvant is recommended drug master morphine.
Three-step method of relieving pain of cancer pain introduction, the three step analgesic ladder principle method of administration:
1. Administered by step: First, the general use of non-opioid drugs, such as reach the analgesic effect, can be added with a weak opioid. Such as the two combined still can not pain, then re-use of strong opioids.
2. Oral administration: oral administration is not only convenient, but also patient-medication. In addition, oral administration of opioid analgesics when the absorption of slow, low peak, not easy to produce drug dependence.
3. On time delivery: pain medication is not administered in the patient pain-demand, but should be administered on time. Time interval is generally based on the effective administration of drugs, such as every 3 – 6 hours administered once, in order to ensure continuous pain relief.
4. Individualization administration: the patient according to the specific adjustment of the actual dose and duration of effect, until the pain relief so far.
5. Combination therapy: aspirin can increase the analgesic effects of opioids, so the moderate to severe pain, you can use two or more analgesics, thus reducing their drug dosage and side effects, enhanced analgesic effect.
6. Pain in the introduction to three-step method of relieving pain, pay attention to details: pay attention to monitoring, close observation of drug reactions and treatment is intended to enable patients to obtain optimal efficacy and minimal adverse reactions occur.

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