Psychological care of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma

By | April 25, 2012

Psychological care of patients with liver cancer, liver cancer patients is not only the patient's psychological, such as general anxiety, fear, loneliness, the role of degradation, also has a special psychology of cancer patients. Depending on the age, sex, educational level, performance has varied. And liver of patients with irritability, easy to lose confidence because of inadequate treatment, the nurses in the nursing care process, with particular emphasis on the psychological care of patients.
Liver cancer patient's psychological and nursing performance:
1. Suspicion when the patient learned that he had cancer, restless, multi-party confirmation, feelings of tension, suspicion uncertain. Therefore, medical personnel should be discreet, to ask the patient the purpose of proven, scientific and politely answered questions raised by the patient, not with respect, to reduce the extent of patients affected by combat, in order to avoid loss of confidence in the treatment of patients.
2. Fear patients know exactly what they are suffering from cancer, usually manifested fear, despair, loss of hope for students, worried about their loved ones. Nurses should be sympathetic to the patient, to give comfort, to encourage patients to active treatment, so as not to delay the disease, and stressed the role of psychology on the disease, patients with a positive attitude to encourage treatment.
3. Pessimistic prove his mental patients suffering from cancer, will produce pessimism, frustration, disappointment over the performance of the expectations, depression is not fun, yo widowed Huan. Nursing care should be given at this time, that disease is treated, while stressing ease of mind conducive to disease prognosis.
4. Recognized mental patients over a period of time, started to accept the fact that they are suffering from the disease, the mood gradually stable and willing to accept treatment, and to rely on treatment. Nurses should be timely application of "implicit" treatment, meaning treatment advocacy to exclude the treatment of the negative factors, such as social factors, family factors.
5. Disappointed or optimistic because everyone's physical and psychological adaptation to each different level, not the same treatment, some patients with the disease under control, adjust their good mood, and feelings of living in a harmonious environment, patient in a state of long-term optimism. Some of the gradual deterioration of response to treatment large economic burden, difficult to support physical, mental dejected, passively waiting for death. Nurses negative patients to analyze the reasons, good psychological comfort, adjust the patient's state of mind, good life guidance; for positive patients, to do rehabilitation guidance, psychological changes observed carefully in order to detect the problem solved in time.
Psychological care of patients with liver cancer, In addition, nurses must also have skilled nursing skills and a good psychological quality, so that patients feel psychological satisfaction and emotional pleasure. Nurses should be compassionate, warm and calm, patience and determination, have keen eyesight, for different ages, different personality and status of the patient should be equal, fair and just, to obtain the trust of patients to establish a good nurse-patient relationship, good understanding of the patient fault, do not contradict with the patient, generous. In the speech, the nurses should be patient and kind, caring and understanding, language temperatures Lee, to listen carefully when talking, do not arbitrarily interrupted, and to observe the condition, to understand ideas, to accept a reasonable proposal. In the conversation, we need to protect language, on the patient's diagnosis, treatment and prognosis, to be precise, have a scientific basis, must not be arbitrary, random guess.

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