Cancer prevention and treatment of complications

By | October 7, 2011

Complications of a tumor. Infected patients during chemotherapy because the bone marrow and immune suppression, infection is more common complications. Found signs of infection, should immediately be blood, urine, sputum and body fluids checked and for bacterial culture and rapid application of broad-spectrum antibiotics, culture results are subject to change according to use. Should pay attention when the white blood cells significantly decreased the skin, mouth, gastrointestinal tract, and perineum, etc. to take preventive measures. Pay attention to food sterilization, oral gut does not absorb the antibiotics. Added blood components, if necessary, enter the new blood. Some righting oral medicine to improve and maintain immune cells in the adrenal cortex function.
Tumor complications 2. Haemorrhage as anti-tumor drugs on platelets and other clotting factors, patients may have bleeding tendency. Sometimes needed to control bleeding platelets. The treatment of malignant bone marrow involvement to be. Prednisone (prednisone) may be effective in alleviating thrombocytopenia. Stop any time induce the drug, and must take various measures to stop bleeding, including the transmission of whole blood or packed red blood cells and plasma expanders to maintain life.
Tumor complications 3. Thrombus formation literature suggests that cancer patients have high blood coagulation phenomenon with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), the performance for a variety of coagulation abnormalities, so to observe in time, while Zhu Huanzhe attention to rest, elevation lower limbs, once found thrombosis, heparin should be timely, antiplatelet and thrombolytic drugs such as dipyridamole, urokinase, Salvia and so on. Serious need of a large line of embolectomy emboli.
Tumor complications 4. Perforation and obstruction in hollow organs or violations of the tumor , such as malignant lymphoma of small intestine, can occur during chemotherapy perforation, bleeding. Nursing staff to observe and detect signs of perforation and treatment of bleeding, and its preventive measures are appropriate to slow down the administration. 1 or 2 times particularly after significant effect of combined chemotherapy, and even more should pay attention. At the same time should take active measures to symptomatic treatment.

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