Radiotherapy on quality of life of patients with esophageal cancer

By | March 27, 2012

Radiotherapy on quality of life in patients with esophageal cancer, esophageal cancer is one of common malignant tumors, radiation treatment of esophageal cancer have a positive effect. High local control rate of radiotherapy, fewer complications and side effects, many patients chose radiation therapy. It is reported that 5-year survival after radiotherapy of up to 5% _10%, a considerable portion of patients in long-term survival after radiotherapy for quality of life but rarely reported.
Some scholars selected 100 cases of survival after radiotherapy in patients with esophageal cancer over 5 years to do follow-up survey results show that the quality of life is full of them, such as food intake returned to normal, no swallowing difficulties, weight gain, to engage in work or in general work and life can completely take care of themselves better mental state, x ray examination after the disappearance of local lesions in esophageal benign stricture length simple <3cm, 11%, respectively, 69%, 53%, 94%, 69%, 97%. Only 6% of patients because of their hair Calls: radiation myelitis, cerebral complications, and the second tumor, etc., resulting in life can not take care of themselves. It can be seen from this group of patients after radiotherapy, 69% of patients can maintain good mental state, get along with family members and actively participate in social interaction, which people raise the awareness of cancer.
Money raised happy mood of optimism into the body's immune status, resulting in improved quality of life. The patients in the amount of 60-70Gy radiation quality of life for patients is better than <60Gy group of patients, P <O.01, with many of the recommended dose range of radiotherapy dose 60-70Gy to adapt to consistent. And> 70Gy group, quality of life than 60-70Gy group had no significant difference, P> 0.05. In contrast to the radioactive radiation myelitis and increased response. Early cases of clinical stage, quality of life in advanced cases with no significant difference, P> 0.05, may be less with the early cases, staging based only on the X-ray lesion length.
We believe that radiotherapy on quality of life in patients with esophageal cancer, in order to ensure a better quality of life of patients, should be: radiotherapy dose range 60-70Gy control in the spirit of loyalty by maintaining good mental state; precise positioning, try to avoid the spinal cord Khan, accurate operation, to prevent the occurrence of radiation complications. From 1940 cancer chemotherapy known, nitrogen mustard is the first application of anti-cancer drug has been approved. In the past few decades, She added a more effective anti-cancer drugs available, and some other drugs, and support technologies have emerged, apply them to reduce side effects of anticancer drugs.
Radiotherapy on quality of life in patients with esophageal cancer, at present, because of the interaction between tumor characteristics and the solution of chemotherapeutic agents, chemotherapy has become standard therapy, and today there are about 50 kinds of anti-cancer drugs on the market to buy. Alone or with other methods combined with chemotherapy, some tumors can be cured at present: testicular cancer, leukemia, choriocarcinoma, Hodgkin's disease in many cases, can extend the breast cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, non-Hodgkin's lymph some ovarian cancer tumors and the survival period and improve the quality of life in some advanced tumors.

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