How to diagnose ovarian cancer

By | December 16, 2011

Ovarian cancer growth is rapid, easy to spread, but often asymptomatic patients with early, often even in the gynecological examination was found or until the tumor grows to a certain size beyond the palpable abdominal pelvic cavity other than time, or complications, the patient was only found for medical treatment often had an advanced stage. Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may be due to the nature of the tumor, size, place the period, with or without secondary degeneration or complications different.
Ovarian cancer diagnosed? Early symptoms of the patient or the symptoms may be the only element in the lower abdomen discomfort, stretch, heavy feeling, as the tumor increases may have backache, lower abdominal swelling sense, may be associated with poor appetite, nausea, stomach discomfort stomach intestinal symptoms. Premenopausal women, there may be menstrual disorders, vaginal bleeding. Torsion can occur as a sudden tumor patients with advanced abdominal pain and abdominal distension and ascites can sometimes result may be associated with intestinal obstruction symptoms. Ovarian cancer rarely causes pain, but the event of tumor rupture or infection, or due to infiltration of adjacent organs can cause severe oppression, abdominal pain, low back pain. Part of ovarian cancer can also cause precocious puberty, masculine, such as performance. Also arising from the transfer, the corresponding symptoms: such as the lung metastases have a dry cough, hemoptysis, pleural effusion and shortness of breath, can produce localized severe bone pain. There was tenderness; intestinal transfer of deformation may have bowel movements, bloody stools, severe bowel obstruction can occur.
Signs of gynecological examination in diagnosis of ovarian more significantly increased in the side of the touch, substantive or capsule was sexy, smooth surface due to, in addition to general activities outside the well-advanced, may have tenderness. Ovarian cancer diagnosed? Abdominal examination may lower abdomen, especially when filling in the bladder before the palpable mass on the pubic symphysis, ascites, the abdomen can be knocked to the shifting dullness. Sometimes late in the collarbone, the groin area, and enlarged lymph nodes palpable bar examination:
Ovarian cancer diagnosed? Cytology; drawing method for detecting fine-needle aspiration; B-ultrasound; CT examination; magnetic resonance imaging; cancer antigen 125 (CAI25) determination; carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) determination; alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) determination; human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) determination; lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) determination; sialic acid (SA) determination.

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