Prevention of catheter

By | April 15, 2012

1. the prevention of catheter : use disposable towel wrapped bags of compression tube parts salt to no bleeding until the surgery department. Catheterization Department at any time during intraoperative bleeding, if bleeding, the use of salt bags or bandages to stop bleeding. Hemostatic drugs when necessary. If the bleeding is not valid, an immediate extubation.
2. Phlebitis Catheterization Prevention: strong chemotherapy drugs due to toxicity, irritation large, when the rate of infusion should be slow, and pay attention to the water. Infusion is completed, washed with 10 ml saline heparin tube, reduction of drug in the local retention, accelerate the drug cycle. local skin tube to observe whether the redness, swelling, induration occurred, asking whether patients take the line along the vascular pain.
3. Catheter infection prevention: topical 24h after catheter dressing routine disinfection, and to observe whether the swelling and bleeding puncture site and so on. Such as catheter site infection, and bacterial culture extubation. Aseptic operation, the daily replacement of infusion devices, local dressing twice a week, the replacement of heparin cap again. Ill clean room environment, ventilation windows 2 times a day, every half an hour.
4. Catheter to prevent catheter blockage: complete with daily infusion of heparin saline sodium chloride injection 0.9% heparin 5 ml 100 ml sealed tube. 8h infusion interval of two or more, the middle tube 1 to be washed. Blood transfusion, need to use 0.9% sodium chloride injection washing pipe. Heparin cap found the need for timely replacement of blood clots within the heparin cap. Infusion poor, the available syringe withdraw sword, not forced red tube.
5. Intubation to prevent deep vein thrombosis: thrombosis is due to slow blood flow around the catheter, vascular intimal injury or the accumulation of fibrinogen, hypercoagulability caused. Whether the observed lower limb swelling, bruising, bleeding, pain, thrombosis phenomenon.
6. Intubation tube prolapse prevention: the end catheter sutured to the skin can be used. Note change of dressings off without suture, catheter with or without prolapse. If off, disinfected promptly fixed.
7. Cannulation in the prevention of air embolism: Air embolism is a serious complication. Nurses to strengthen the sense of responsibility, the timely replacement of the liquid, and carefully check all the connections infusion system, be properly fixed, so that it does not leak, do not fall off.

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