Local symptoms of malignant lymphoma

Local symptoms of lymphoma have different clinical manifestations:
Malignant lymphoma of local symptoms (1) superficial lymph nodes: is the most common early manifestation of the neck up to see (and Hodgkin's predilection sites), followed by the armpit and groin, may be one or bilateral simultaneous, and then gradually shift to other places, a few early stage patients with multiple lymph nodes, swollen lymph nodes as painless, progressive increases, early run separate, removable, can be integrated into the group later. Results have been enlarged by leaching the extent and location of the different compression symptoms may appear different, such as the neck lymph nodes, may compress the jugular vein, jugular vein engorgement occurs, congestion and swelling of the neck; compression of the trachea, there may be difficulty in breathing ; cervical sympathetic nerve compression, paralysis can occur cervical sympathetic syndrome; oppression of the recurrent laryngeal nerve, there may be a hoarse voice;
Local symptoms of malignant lymphoma (2) mediastinal lymph nodes: malignant lymphoma accounted for starting 6-11% in the mediastinum, the late course of the disease, tumor involving the mediastinum, accounting for more than 60%, particularly lymphosarcoma and reticulum cell sarcoma more common, Hodgkin's disease less. Enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes can compress and invade nearby tissue and organs and produce corresponding symptoms, such as the oppression of the esophagus can cause difficulty in swallowing; oppression caused superior vena cava superior vena cava syndrome; compression of the trachea causes coughing, chest tightness, difficulty breathing, purple clamp etc.;
Local symptoms of malignant lymphoma (3) mesenteric or retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy, early diagnosis is difficult, there are local pain and pressure with advanced symptoms or palpable mass;
Local symptoms of malignant lymphoma (4) other than the primary tumor or lymph node involvement: The disease is about 30% of the violations of extranodal organs, of which 3 / 5 is the reticular cell sarcoma, 2 / 5 is lymphosarcoma, Hodgkin's disease are rare, extranodal involvement sites were the most common intestinal and stomach, mainly as abdominal pain, abdominal mass, diarrhea, blood in the stool and obstructive symptoms caused by compression. In addition, the nasopharynx, tonsil, tongue base, liver, licensing, lung, bone Road, nervous, urinary, reproductive system, skin, bone marrow, endocrine glands, eye, etc. can be involved and a corresponding symptoms.


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